king of France
   King of France from 1814 to 1824, Louis XVIII was born at Versailles, the grandson of louis XV and brother to louis XVI and the count of Artois (later charles x). He was first known as the count of Provence and as "Monsieur" on the accession of his brother. Married in 1771 to Marie-Joséphine of Savoy, he had no children. More intelligent than either of his brothers, he was also popular and, after the revolution of 1789, remained in Paris. In 1791, however, he was forced to leave France, joining the count of Artois and other émigrés at Koblenz, Germany. After the execution of Louis XVI in January, he took the title of regent and, after the death of the dauphin in 1795, that of king as Louis XVIII. During the course of his exile, and because of the victories of the revolutionary and then the imperial French forces, he was forced to relocate frequently, but he never ceased to work for the restoration of the French monarchy. He sent agents to the Midi and the Vendée and made contact with paul barras and napoléon i to further this end. And he renewed diplomatic efforts after Napoleon's initial defeats. In 1814, with the support of Britain and a provisional government headed by talleyrand, he was recalled to power at the same time that the Senate voted for the overthrow of Napoléon I (April 1814). Landing at Calais in late April, he was installed in the Tuileries and, on June 4, 1814, signed the Constitutional Charter, establishing a constitutional monarchy in France. This first restoration, however, was interrupted by Napoléon's return of the hundred days, during which Louis XVIII again went into exile. Returning after Napoléon's second abdication, Louis XVIII, as king, signed the Constitutional Charter and issued the proclamation of Saint-ouen, which explained that the charter sought to reconcile the Revolution and the Empire with the restored monarchy, founded on the maxim that he "must not be the king of two peoples." Influenced by his liberal minister élie decazes, he tried to extend the franchise and relax censorship. But after 1820, he was increasingly dominated by his reactionary brother, who succeeded him in 1824 as King Charles X.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Louis XVIII — de France Louis XVIII Roi de France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • LOUIS XVIII — (1755 1824) roi de France (1814 1815 et 1815 1824) Né à Versailles, troisième fils du dauphin Louis et de Marie Josèphe de Saxe, Louis Stanislas Xavier reçut le titre de comte de Provence. Intelligent et ambitieux, il se composa le personnage du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Louis XVIII — (Louis Xavier Stanislas) 1755 1824, king of France 1814 15, 1815 24 (brother of Louis XVI). * * * orig. Louis Stanislas Xavier, count de Provence born Nov. 17, 1755, Versailles, France died Sept. 16, 1824, Paris King of France by title from 1795… …   Universalium

  • Louis XVIII — (1755–1824)    Installed by the Congress of Vienna after the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte, Louis, Comte de Provence, became king of France as Louis XVIII. He was born at Versailles on November 17, 1755, to dauphin Louis, son of Louis XV, and… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Louis XVIII — (Louis Xavier Stanislas) 1755 1824, king of France 1814 15, 1815 24 (brother of Louis XVI) …   Useful english dictionary

  • LOUIS XVIII —    brother of Louis XVI., and called Monsieur during his brother s reign, flew from Paris and joined the Emigrants along with his brother, Count d Artois, and took up arms, which he was compelled to forego, to wander from one foreign Court to… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Louis XVIII — /ˈlui/ (say loohee) noun 1755–1824, king of France 1814–24; younger brother of Louis XVI; forced to flee when Napoleon returned to power during the Hundred Days …   Australian English dictionary

  • Louis XVIII De France — Louis XVIII Roi de France …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Louis XVIII of France — Infobox French Royalty|monarch name=Louis XVIII title=King of France and Navarre caption= reign= De jure 8 June 1795 – 16 September 1824 De facto 6 April 1814 – 20 March 1815; 8 July 1815 – 16 September 1824 coronation= full name=Louis Stanislas… …   Wikipedia

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